Bath offers an incomparable time travel from Roman times to present, with many an archeological site and artefacts in mint condition.
UNESCO added The City of Bath as a ‘cultural site’ to its World Heritage List in 1987. Bath is included because of its Roman Remains, 18th Century Architecture, 18th Century Town Planning, Social Setting, Hot Springs and Landscape Setting.
Many of the City’s Roman remains are centred around the Roman Baths. These include the archaeological remains of the Roman temple of the Goddess Sulis Minerva and the extensive bathing complex. The Roman town of Aquae Sulis was a walled settlement. Beyond the city wall are Roman and Iron Age remains including hill forts, field systems and villas, demonstrating the extent of the settlement. The road system and Roman street plan later influenced the Medieval and Georgian layout of the City.
The Roman Baths offer a range of fun activities for the whole family, with the special events organised in the school holidays. You can chat to lively Roman costumed characters and hear about life in Roman Britain or follow Roman Baths Trail and Meet the Romans trail.
Neo-classical architectural style dominating in Bath draws many a visitor to the city. Architects including John Wood the Elder, John Wood the Younger, Robert Adam, Thomas Baldwin, John Palmer, John Eveleigh and John Pinch followed Palladian principles in the building of houses, public buildings, bridges and churches. The Georgian arrangements of crescents, squares, the Circus and terraces form iconic, internationally recognisable structures. The widespread use of local limestone and the uniform scale and height of buildings contribute to the beauty of the city we see today.
In the 18th century Bath was re-invented as a fashionable health resort. It expanded dramatically beyond its city walls. Medieval streets were transformed into a spacious and beautiful classical city, where architecture and the natural landscape complemented each other. Uniformity of design was enhanced with the universal use of the locally mined honey-coloured limestone for which Bath is famed.
Innovative forms of town planning including squares, crescents and the circus were introduced. Attractive views and vistas were deliberately created. Bath’s Georgian town planning influenced subsequent developments in the UK and beyond.
Bath’s Georgian architecture reflected 18th century social ambitions. The city was a destination for pilgrimage, and for playing out the social aspirations of fashionable spa culture. The social, economic and physical re-birth of the city as an internationally famous spa resort was largely due to the patronage and vision of three key characters: the architect John Wood Senior, wealthy postmaster and stone entrepreneur Ralph Allen and Bath’s famous Master of Ceremonies Richard ‘Beau’ Nash. Visitors flocked to Bath. The list of famous and influential people who visited, lived in or wrote about the city is extensive. Customs and practices associated with ‘taking the waters’ were practiced and developed here. The fashion for promenading influenced the design of Bath streets and gardens. The splendid buildings of the Assembly Rooms https://visitbath.co.uk/things-to-do/assembly-rooms-p23901and the Pump Room https://visitbath.co.uk/things-to-do/pump-room-p25611 embody the rules and etiquette governing the society.